Devices are developed to perform. They work hard, year after year, normally without too many issues. They're simple to take for given. The outcome is that when a home appliance breaks down, you may be entirely at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you certainly don't understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to fix it, or you can fix it yourself and conserve cash. This short article will provide you with all the information you require to understand to pull your major home appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. However before you attack the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background information on significant appliances.
Many home appliances operate on your house's electrical system: They utilize Air Conditioner current from the circuit electrical wiring in your home. Little https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/?search=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ home appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Big or major devices, such as air conditioning system, clothes dryers, and ranges, normally require 220-240-volt electrical wiring and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Large devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This kind of device need to be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All devices are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little home appliances are generally relatively easy makers. They may consist of a simple heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have 2 or 3 easy mechanical linkages. Repair work to these appliances are typically correspondingly basic. Large home appliances are more complex-- one major appliance, such as a cleaning machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, in addition to various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of device, issues can happen in either the control devices or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control device might impact one operation or the entire home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget generally affects just the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a major device breaks down, knowing how to identify the problem is as important as knowing how to fix it.
Because significant home appliances are so complex, it typically isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Lots of newer appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's handbook.) The initial step is to decide ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ whether the issue remains in a control gadget or a mechanical gadget. In a dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical parts turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the clothes dryer does not heat, the issue is in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats, however the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to determine the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To learn exactly what the problem is, you must check each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as hard as it sounds, due to the fact that home appliance parts collaborate in a logical series. Beginning with the easiest possibilities, you can check the parts one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Significant Home Appliances
There are 3 really crucial guidelines you should follow when you try to make any kind of device repair. Do not ever try to save time or cash by disregarding these guidelines. You will not conserve anything at all, and you might wind up harming yourself or messing up the home appliance.
Constantly make certain the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is detached prior to you evaluate the device to identify the problem or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair, do not touch the home appliance; simply turn the power on and observe. If changes are needed, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any needed repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't attempt to repair the appliance yourself. Call a professional service person.
In many cases, damaged or malfunctioning appliance parts can be changed more quickly and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or a professional. Change any broken or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made specifically for that home appliance. If you can not find a precise replacement for the broken part, it's all right to replace a comparable part as long as it fits into the old space. In this case, describe the producer's guidelines for setup.
Device parts are available from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts stores. You don't constantly need to go to a particular brand-name home appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you require directly from the manufacturer. The name and address of the appliance maker are normally printed on the home appliance. Make certain to give the maker all the design and parts data possible for the appliance. If available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, make certain the appliance is receiving power. Absence of power is the most typical cause of appliance failure. Before you start the screening and diagnosis process, take these preliminary actions:
Check to make certain that the appliance is correctly and securely plugged in which the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To determine whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make sure the merges and/or circuit breakers that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, specifically for 220-240-volt devices such as ranges and ac system. Check for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Inspect to ensure fuses and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to home appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and varieties. Some varieties have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; ensure these merges have actually not blown.
If the device uses gas or water, check to ensure it is getting an appropriate supply.
Check the owner's handbook for the home appliance. Lots of manufacturers consist of helpful problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a handbook for a home appliance, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or outdated appliance-- from the producer's customer care department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next area to find out how to dismantle a significant device and the information on grounding systems.