Devices are developed to perform. They strive, every year, typically without too many issues. They're simple to consider given. The result is that when a device breaks down, you might be completely at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you definitely do not understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and conserve cash. This post will provide you with all the info you need to know to pull your major devices apart and then put them back together in working order. But before you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on significant home appliances.
The majority of devices run on your house's electrical system: They use Air Conditioner existing from the circuit electrical wiring in your house. Little appliances work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Large or major devices, such as ac system, clothes dryers, and ranges, generally require 220-240-volt wiring and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Large appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All devices are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Little appliances are normally relatively basic devices. They might include a simple heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they may have two or 3 easy mechanical linkages. Repairs to these home appliances are normally alike easy. Big home appliances are more complex-- one significant appliance, such as a washing machine, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of appliance, issues can happen in either the control devices or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control device may affect one operation or the entire home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget normally affects only the functions that depend upon that device. When a significant device breaks down, understanding how to identify the problem is as crucial as understanding how to repair it.
Due to the fact that significant devices are so complicated, it usually isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Lots of more recent home appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's manual.) The initial step is to choose whether the issue is in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical parts turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the dryer does not heat, the problem remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats up, but the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This type of analysis can be used to identify the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large home appliances.
To find out exactly what the issue is, you need to check each part of the affected system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as difficult as it sounds, due to the fact that appliance components interact in a logical sequence. Beginning with the simplest possibilities, you can check the components one by one to isolate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Major Appliances
There are three really essential guidelines you should follow when you attempt to make any kind of appliance repair work. Do not ever try to conserve time or loan by ignoring these guidelines. You won't save anything at all, and you might end up harming yourself or ruining the home appliance.
Always ensure the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the home appliance is disconnected before you evaluate the home appliance to identify the problem or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair work, do not touch the device; simply turn the power on and observe. If adjustments are required, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any essential repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to fix the appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.
In many cases, broken or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed quicker and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or a professional. Change any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made particularly for that appliance. If you can not discover a precise replacement for the broken part, it's okay to replace a comparable part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, refer to the maker's instructions for installation.
Home appliance parts are offered from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealerships, and appliance-parts shops. You don't always need to go to a particular brand-name device parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you require directly from the manufacturer. The name and address of the device manufacturer are normally printed on the home appliance. Make sure to give the maker all the model and parts data possible for the appliance. If offered, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, ensure the home appliance is getting power. Lack of power is the most common reason for appliance failure. Prior to you begin the screening and medical diagnosis procedure, take these initial steps:
Check to make sure that the device is properly and strongly plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To figure out whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to ensure the fuses and/or circuit breakers that control the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entryway panel for your home, particularly for 220-240-volt home appliances such as ranges and a/c. Look for blown fuses or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Inspect to make sure merges and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to home appliances such as washers, dryers, and ranges. Some ranges SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make certain these fuses have actually not blown.
If the home appliance utilizes gas or water, check to ensure it is getting an adequate supply.
Examine the owner's manual for the home appliance. Lots of manufacturers include handy problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a manual for a home appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated home appliance-- from the maker's customer care department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next area to discover how to dismantle a major home appliance and the information on grounding systems.