Home appliances are developed to carry out. They strive, year after year, usually without a lot of problems. They're simple to take for approved. The result is that when a home appliance breaks down, you might be totally at a loss-- you do not know how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you certainly don't know how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to fix it, or you can fix it yourself and conserve loan. This short article will provide you with all the information you need to understand to pull your significant home appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. However prior to you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on major home appliances.
The majority of devices operate on your home's electrical system: They use Air Conditioner current from the circuit circuitry in your house. Little devices work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Big or major devices, such as ac system, clothes dryers, and varieties, typically require 220-240-volt electrical wiring and can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Big appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of home appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All devices are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the device casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and in some cases in amps.
Little appliances are typically fairly simple devices. They might include a basic heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they may have two or 3 basic mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ are generally alike simple. Large home appliances are more complicated-- one significant appliance, such as a washing machine, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of device, problems can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power components. Failure of a control gadget might impact one operation or the entire device; failure of a mechanical/power device typically impacts just the functions that depend on that gadget. When a significant appliance breaks down, knowing how to detect the issue is as essential as knowing how to repair it.
Since significant home appliances are so complex, it usually isn't apparent where a breakdown is. (Many more recent devices include electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's handbook.) The first step is to choose whether the issue is in a control gadget or a mechanical gadget. In a dryer, for instance, the control devices govern the ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ heat, and the mechanical parts turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, however the dryer doesn't heat, the issue remains in the control system. If the dryer heats up, but the drum does not turn, the problem is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be used to pinpoint the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big home appliances.
To learn exactly what the problem is, you should inspect each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, because home appliance elements interact in a sensible series. Beginning with the easiest possibilities, you can test the parts one by one to isolate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Major Home Appliances
There are three extremely crucial guidelines you should follow when you attempt to make any kind of home appliance repair work. Don't ever try to save time or loan by neglecting these rules. You won't conserve anything at all, and you could end up injuring yourself or messing up the home appliance.
Constantly make certain the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the device is disconnected before you evaluate the appliance to diagnose the issue or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair, do not touch the home appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If changes are needed, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any essential repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to fix the appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.
For the most part, broken or malfunctioning appliance parts can be changed faster and inexpensively than they can be repaired by you or an expert. Replace any broken or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made especially for that appliance. If you can not discover a specific replacement for the damaged part, it's okay to replace a comparable part as long as it suits the old space. In this case, refer to the maker's directions for setup.
Device parts are readily available from device service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts shops. You don't constantly need to go to a specific brand-name home appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you require straight from the manufacturer. The name and address of the appliance maker are generally printed on the device. Make certain to offer the producer all the design and parts data possible for the appliance. If readily available, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair, ensure the device is receiving power. Absence of power is the most common cause of appliance failure. Prior to you begin the screening and diagnosis procedure, take these preliminary steps:
Check to make certain that the appliance is appropriately and strongly plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working correctly. To figure out whether an outlet is working, check it with a voltage tester.
Examine to ensure the fuses and/or circuit breakers that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entrance panel for your house, especially for 220-240-volt home appliances such as varieties and a/c. Look for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel http://www.bbc.co.uk/search?q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ and the different panel.
Check to make certain fuses and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore power to devices such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some ranges have SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make certain these fuses have actually not blown.
If the home appliance utilizes gas or water, check to ensure it is getting an adequate supply.
Inspect the owner's handbook for the home appliance. Many makers include practical problem/solution fixing charts. If you don't have a handbook for an appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated device-- from the manufacturer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next section to find out how to take apart a significant device and the details on grounding systems.