Home appliances are built to perform. They work hard, every year, typically without a lot of problems. They're simple to take for given. The result is that when a home appliance breaks down, you may be completely at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no concept why it quit working, and you certainly don't understand how to repair it.

What can you do? You can pay an expert to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and conserve loan. This short article will supply you with all the details you need to understand to pull your major appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. But prior to you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on major home appliances.

The majority of home appliances operate on your home's electrical system: They utilize A/C existing from the circuit wiring in your house. Small devices deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have two blades. Large or significant devices, such as air conditioning system, dryers, and varieties, normally need 220-240-volt wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big devices are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This type of device need to be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All home appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the home appliance case-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.

Little devices are normally fairly easy makers. They may include a basic heating component, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have 2 or three simple mechanical linkages. Repairs to these appliances are normally correspondingly easy. Big appliances are more complex-- one significant device, such as SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ a washing device, might have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as different valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of home appliance, issues can occur in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control device may affect one operation or the whole home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power gadget generally affects just the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a significant home appliance breaks down, understanding how to identify the issue is as crucial as understanding how to repair it.

Since major home appliances are so intricate, it typically isn't apparent where a malfunction is. (Numerous newer appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's handbook.) The first step is to choose whether the problem is in a control gadget or a mechanical device. In a dryer, for instance, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical parts turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer does not heat, the problem is in the control system. If the clothes dryer warms, however the drum doesn't turn, the problem is mechanical. This kind of analysis can be utilized to identify the type of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.

To find out precisely what the issue is, you must inspect each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as tough as it sounds, due to the fact that home appliance elements work together in a logical series. Beginning with the simplest possibilities, you can check the parts one by one to isolate the reason for the failure.

Repairing Significant Home Appliances

There are three extremely essential rules you should follow when you attempt to make any kind of device repair work. Do not ever attempt to conserve time or loan by overlooking these guidelines. You won't save anything, and you might wind up injuring yourself or destroying the home appliance.

Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the appliance is disconnected prior to you test the device to detect the problem or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair work, do not touch the appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are required, turn the power off prior to you make them.

If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any necessary repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to repair the appliance yourself. Call an expert service person.

In most cases, broken or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed more quickly and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made especially for that home appliance. If you can not discover a specific replacement for the damaged part, it's alright to replace a comparable part as long as it fits into the SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ old area. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's guidelines for setup.

Home appliance parts are offered from device service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts stores. You do not always have to go to a specific brand-name device parts center to get the parts and service you require for brand-name devices, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't find a parts service center in your area, order the part you need directly from the maker. The name and address of the device producer are usually printed on the appliance. Be sure to provide the producer all the design and parts data possible for the home appliance. If offered, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair work, make certain the home appliance is receiving power. Lack of power is the most typical reason for home appliance failure. Prior to you begin the screening and diagnosis procedure, take these initial actions:

Inspect to make certain that the device is properly and strongly plugged in which the cable, the plug, and the outlet are working correctly. To identify whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.

Examine to make certain the merges and/or breaker that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entrance panel for your home, especially for 220-240-volt appliances such as varieties and a/c unit. Check for blown merges or tripped circuit breakers at both the main panel and the separate panel.

Inspect to ensure fuses and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to restore power to appliances such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some ranges have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make certain these fuses have actually not blown.

IfΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ the appliance uses gas or water, check to make certain it is receiving a sufficient supply.

Examine the owner's manual for the device. Many makers include useful problem/solution repairing charts. If you don't have a handbook for a home appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete home appliance-- from the maker's client service department.


All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Carry on to the next section to discover how to dismantle a significant appliance and the details on grounding systems.