Home appliances are constructed to carry out. They strive, year after year, usually without a lot of issues. They're easy to consider given. The result is that when a device breaks down, you may be totally at a loss-- you don't know how it works, you have no idea why it quit working, and you certainly don't understand how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to fix it, or you can fix it yourself and save cash. This post will supply you with all the details you require to understand to pull your major devices apart and after that put them back together in working order. However prior to you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on significant appliances.
A lot of appliances operate on your home's electrical system: They use A/C current from the circuit wiring in your home. Little home appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cables have 2 blades. Big or major devices, such as a/c, dryers, and ranges, normally need 220-240-volt electrical wiring and http://query.nytimes.com/search/sitesearch/?action=click&contentCollection®ion=TopBar&WT.nav=searchWidget&module=SearchSubmit&pgtype=Homepage#/ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ can not be operated on 110-120-volt circuits. Big home appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have 2 blades and a prong. This type of home appliance should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All home appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the device casing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Small appliances are generally relatively easy devices. They might consist of a simple heating aspect, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters connected to a drive shaft; or they may have 2 or 3 easy mechanical linkages. Repairs to these home appliances are typically likewise easy. Big appliances are more intricate-- one major device, such as a cleaning device, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, along with various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of device, problems can occur in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control device might affect one operation or the entire home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device usually affects just the functions that depend upon that gadget. When a significant appliance breaks down, knowing how to diagnose the problem is as essential as understanding how to repair it.
Due to the fact that major devices are so intricate, it generally isn't obvious where a malfunction is. (Numerous newer home appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be interpreted from the owner's manual.) The first step is to choose whether the problem remains in a control device or a mechanical device. In a clothes dryer, for instance, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical elements turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, however the clothes dryer doesn't heat, the issue remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats, but the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to identify the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all large devices.
To discover precisely what the issue is, you need to examine each part of the afflicted system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, due to the fact that device elements work together in a logical series. Starting with the most basic possibilities, you can evaluate the elements one by one to isolate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Major Home Appliances
There are 3 very crucial guidelines you need to follow when you try to make any kind of device repair work. Don't ever attempt to conserve time or cash by disregarding these guidelines. You won't conserve anything at all, and you might wind up injuring yourself or destroying the appliance.
Always make certain the electrical power and/or the gas supply to the device is disconnected before you evaluate the appliance to identify the problem or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair work, do not touch the appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If modifications are required, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of a device are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can probably make any necessary repairs. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, don't try to fix the device yourself. Call an expert service person.
For the most part, damaged or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed more quickly and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Replace any damaged or malfunctioning parts with new parts made specifically for that home appliance. If you can not discover a specific replacement SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ for the broken part, it's alright to substitute a similar part as long as it fits into the old area. In this case, describe the maker's guidelines for setup.
Appliance parts are readily available from home appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts stores. You don't always have to go to a particular brand-name device parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name home appliances, so you do have some shopping/service choices. If you can't locate a parts service center in your area, order the part you need directly from the manufacturer. The name and address of the home appliance manufacturer are usually printed on the appliance. Make sure to offer the manufacturer all the model and parts information possible for the home appliance. If offered, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair work, ensure the device is receiving power. Lack of power is the most common cause of home appliance failure. Before you begin the screening and medical diagnosis procedure, take these initial actions:
Examine to make certain that the appliance is correctly and securely plugged in which the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working appropriately. To determine whether an outlet is working, evaluate it with a voltage tester.
Check to ensure the fuses and/or breaker that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There may be more than one electrical entrance panel for your home, especially for 220-240-volt devices such as ranges and air conditioning system. Check for blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers at both the primary panel and the different panel.
Inspect to make sure fuses and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to restore power to home appliances such as washers, clothes dryers, and ranges. Some ranges have separate plug-type merges for oven operation; make sure these merges have actually not blown.
If the home appliance utilizes gas or water, check to make certain it is getting a sufficient supply.
Inspect the owner's manual for the home appliance. Lots of producers consist of practical problem/solution repairing charts. If you do not ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ have a handbook for an appliance, you can probably get one-- even for an old or obsolete device-- from the manufacturer's client service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next area to find out how to take apart a https://ilektrologoiathina.gr significant appliance and the details on grounding systems.