Devices are constructed to perform. They strive, year after year, normally without too many issues. They're simple to take for given. The result is that when a device breaks down, you might be totally at a loss-- you do not know how it works, you have no concept why it stopped working, and you certainly don't know how to repair it.
What can you do? You can pay a professional to repair it, or you can fix it yourself and save money. This short article will offer you with all the details you need to know to pull your major home appliances apart and then put them back together in working order. However before you attack the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background info on significant home appliances.
Many home appliances operate on your house's electrical system: They use AC current from the circuit wiring in your house. Small devices work on 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have two blades. Large or significant devices, such as ac system, dryers, and ranges, generally require 220-240-volt electrical wiring and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Large appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of device should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with an unique adapter plug. All home appliances are labeled-- either on a metal plate or on the device housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and often in amps.
Little devices are generally relatively simple devices. They may consist of an easy heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or rotating beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have two or 3 simple mechanical linkages. Repairs to ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ these devices are normally correspondingly basic. Large appliances are more complex-- one major appliance, such as a washing machine, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this kind of home appliance, issues can occur in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power elements. Failure of a control device might impact one operation or the entire home appliance; failure of a mechanical/power device typically affects just the functions that depend on that device. When a major device breaks down, knowing how to identify the problem is as essential as understanding how to repair it.
Since significant devices are so intricate, it generally isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Numerous more recent home appliances consist of electronic diagnostics that can be analyzed from the owner's manual.) The initial step is to decide whether the problem remains in a control device or a mechanical gadget. In a dryer, for example, the control gadgets govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is affected? If the drum turns, but the dryer doesn't heat, the problem remains in the control system. If the clothes dryer heats up, but the drum does not turn, the issue is mechanical. This type of analysis can be used to pinpoint ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big appliances.
To discover precisely what the issue SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ is, you need to examine each part of the affected system to find the malfunctioning part. This isn't as challenging as it sounds, since appliance parts work together in a rational series. Beginning with the easiest possibilities, you can evaluate the elements one by one to separate the reason for the failure.
Fixing Major Home Appliances
There are three very essential rules you need to follow when you attempt to make any type of appliance repair work. Don't ever attempt to conserve time or money by disregarding these rules. You won't conserve anything, and you might end up injuring yourself or ruining the appliance.
Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the device is detached prior to you test the device to identify the problem or make any repairs. If you turn the power on to inspect your work after making a repair work, do not touch the home appliance; just turn the power on and observe. If adjustments are needed, turn the power off prior to you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any essential repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not try to repair the appliance yourself. Call a professional service person.
Most of the times, broken or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be changed quicker and cheaply than they can be fixed by you or an expert. Change any broken or malfunctioning parts with brand-new parts made especially for that home appliance. If you can not discover a precise replacement for the damaged part, it's okay to replace a comparable part as long as it suits the old area. In this case, describe the producer's instructions for setup.
Appliance parts are offered from device service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts shops. You do not always need to go to a specific brand-name device parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't find a parts service center in your location, order the part you need straight from the manufacturer. The name and address of the appliance maker are typically printed on the appliance. Make sure to provide the manufacturer all the model and parts information possible for the appliance. If offered, search on the Internet for replacement parts.Before you make any device repair, make sure the device is receiving power. Absence of power is the most typical reason for home appliance failure. Prior to you begin the screening and medical diagnosis process, take these initial actions:
Check to ensure that the appliance is appropriately and strongly plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working effectively. To figure out whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Inspect to make sure the fuses and/or breaker that manage the circuit have actually not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entryway panel for your house, particularly for 220-240-volt devices such as varieties and a/c unit. Check for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the primary panel and the separate panel.
Check to ensure merges and/or breakers in the appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Press the reset buttons to bring back power to devices such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some varieties have separate plug-type fuses for oven operation; make sure these fuses have not blown.
If the appliance uses gas or water, check to ensure it is receiving an appropriate supply.
Check the owner's manual for the device. Lots of producers include practical problem/solution fixing charts. If you don't have a manual for a SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ device, you can probably get one-- even for an old or outdated device-- from the maker's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the method, it's time to dive right in. Move on to the next area to find out how to take apart a significant home appliance and the information on grounding systems.