Devices are constructed to perform. They strive, every year, generally without a lot of problems. They're simple to take for given. The outcome is that when a device breaks down, you might be completely at a loss-- you do not understand how it works, you have no idea why it stopped working, and you certainly don't understand how to fix it.
What can you do? You can pay an expert to fix it, or you can repair it yourself and conserve cash. This post will supply you with all the information you require to know to pull your major devices apart and after that put them back together in working order. However before you assault the refrigerator with a screwdriver, let's get some background details on significant appliances.
The majority of home appliances run on your house's electrical system: They use A/C present from the circuit circuitry in your home. Little appliances deal with 110-120-volt circuits, and the plugs on their cords have 2 blades. Large or significant appliances, such as air conditioners, dryers, and varieties, generally need 220-240-volt circuitry and can not be run on 110-120-volt circuits. Big SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ appliances are wired with a grounding wire; their plugs have two blades and a prong. This kind of device should be plugged into a grounded outlet-- one with openings to accept both blades and grounding prong-- or grounded with a special adapter plug. All appliances are identified-- either on a metal plate or on the device housing-- with their power requirements in watts and volts, and sometimes in amps.
Little appliances are typically relatively simple machines. They might include a basic heating element, a fan, a set of blades, or turning beaters attached to a drive shaft; or they might have two or 3 simple mechanical linkages. Repair work to these devices are typically alike basic. Big devices are more complicated-- one major home appliance, such as a cleaning maker, may have a motor, a timer, and a pump, as well as various valves, switches, and solenoids. With this type of appliance, problems can take place in either the control gadgets or the mechanical/power parts. Failure of a control device may impact one operation or the entire device; failure of a mechanical/power gadget normally affects just the functions that depend on that device. When a significant appliance breaks down, understanding how to detect the problem is as essential as knowing how to repair it.
Because significant appliances are so complicated, it usually isn't obvious where a breakdown is. (Lots of more recent home appliances include electronic diagnostics that can be translated from the owner's handbook.) The primary step is ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ to decide whether the problem is in a control gadget or a mechanical gadget. In a clothes dryer, for example, the control devices govern the heat, and the mechanical components turn the drum. Which system is impacted? If the drum turns, but the clothes dryer does not heat, the problem is SERVICE ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ ΑΘΗΝΑ in the control system. If the clothes dryer warms, however the drum does not turn, the problem is mechanical. This sort of analysis can be utilized to pinpoint the kind of failure-- control system or mechanical system-- in all big devices.
To find out precisely what the issue is, you need to examine each part of the afflicted system to discover the malfunctioning part. This isn't as hard as it sounds, due to the fact that appliance elements interact in a sensible sequence. Beginning with the most basic possibilities, you can check the parts one by one to isolate the reason for the failure.
Repairing Major Home Appliances
There are three extremely essential guidelines you should follow when you attempt to make any type of appliance repair. Don't ever attempt to conserve time or money by overlooking these rules. You will not conserve anything, and you might wind up hurting yourself or ruining the appliance.
Constantly make sure the electric power and/or the gas supply to the device is disconnected before you check the device to identify the problem or make any repair work. If you turn the power on to check your work after making a repair work, do not touch the appliance; just turn the power on and observe. https://en.search.wordpress.com/?src=organic&q=ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΩΝ ΣΥΣΚΕΥΩΝ If modifications are required, turn the power off before you make them.
If the parts of an appliance are held together with screws, bolts, plugs, and other take-apart fasteners, you can most likely make any needed repair work. If the parts are held together with rivets or welds, do not attempt to repair the home appliance yourself. Call an expert service individual.
Most of the times, broken or malfunctioning home appliance parts can be replaced more quickly and inexpensively than they can be fixed by you or a professional. Replace any broken or malfunctioning parts with new parts made particularly for that device. If you can not find a precise replacement for the broken part, it's fine to replace a comparable part as long as it fits into the old space. In this case, refer to the manufacturer's directions for setup.
Home appliance parts are readily available from appliance service centers, appliance-repair dealers, and appliance-parts shops. You do not constantly have to go to a specific brand-name appliance parts center to obtain the parts and service you require for brand-name appliances, so you do have some shopping/service options. If you can't locate a parts service center in your location, order the part you require directly from the producer. The name and address of the device maker are usually printed on the home appliance. Make sure to give the manufacturer all the design and parts information possible for the home appliance. If available, search on the Web for replacement parts.Before you make any appliance repair, ensure the device is receiving power. Lack of power is the most common cause of home appliance failure. Before you start the screening and diagnosis process, take these initial steps:
Inspect to ensure that the device is effectively and strongly plugged in and that the cord, the plug, and the outlet are working properly. To identify whether an outlet is working, test it with a voltage tester.
Examine to make sure the fuses and/or circuit breakers that control the circuit have not blown or tripped. There might be more than one electrical entrance panel for your home, particularly for 220-240-volt devices such as ranges and air conditioners. Check for blown merges or tripped breaker at both the main panel and the separate panel.
Inspect to make sure fuses and/or breakers in the home appliance itself are not blown or tripped. Push the reset buttons to bring back power to devices such as washers, dryers, and varieties. Some ranges have different plug-type merges for oven operation; ensure these fuses have not blown.
If the appliance uses gas or water, check to make certain it is getting a sufficient supply.
Inspect the owner's manual for the device. Numerous makers include valuable problem/solution fixing charts. If you don't have a manual for an appliance, you can most likely get one-- even for an old or obsolete device-- from the producer's customer service department.
All right, now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, it's time to dive right in. Proceed to the next area to discover how to disassemble a significant appliance and the details on grounding systems.